The paper 'PELSI: Power-Efficient Layer-Switched Inference' was accepted for publication at IEEE RTCSA '23.

Abstract: Convolutional Neural Networks (CNNs) are now quintessential kernels within embedded computer vision applications deployed in edge devices. Heterogeneous Multi-Processor Systemon- Chips (HMPSoCs) with Dynamic Voltage and Frequency Scaling (DVFS) capable components (CPUs and GPUs) allow for lowlatency, low-power CNN inference on resource-constrained edge devices when employed efficiently.

CNNs comprise several heterogeneous layer types that execute with different degrees of power efficiency on different HMPSoC components at different frequencies.We propose the first framework, PELSI, that exploits this layer-wise power efficiency heterogeneity for power-efficient CPU-GPU layer-switched CNN interference on HMPSoCs. PELSI executes each layer of a CNN on an HMPSoC component (CPU or GPU) clocked at just the right frequency for every layer such that the CNN meets its inference latency target with minimal power consumption while still accounting for the powerperformance overhead of multiple switching between CPU and GPU mid-inference. PELSI incorporates a Genetic Algorithm (GA) to identify the near-optimal CPU-GPU layer-switched CNN inference configuration from within the large exponential design space that meets the given latency requirement most power efficiently.

We evaluate PELSI on Rock-Pi embedded platform. The platform contains an RK3399Pro HMPSoC with DVFS-capable CPU clusters and GPU. Empirical evaluations with five different CNNs show a 44.48% improvement in power efficiency for CNN inference under PELSI over the state-of-the-art.

Anuj Pathania
Anuj Pathania
Assistant Professor

Anuj Pathania is an Assistant Professor in the Parallel Computing Systems (PCS) group at the University of Amsterdam (UvA). His research focuses on the design of sustainable systems deployed in power-, thermal-, energy- and reliability-constrained environments.