This table provides up to date references (with NASA ADS links) for *observational papers* relating to magnetar bursts. It covers all 19 sources which have shown repeated bursts and where the spin (confirming that the source is a neutron star) has also been measured [sporadic bursts have also been seen from several magnetar candidates, see the McGill Online Magnetar Catalogue for details]. This site is maintained by Anna Watts and is a work in progress. You are welcome to use this reference library in publications: please refer to the url (http://staff.fnwi.uva.nl/a.l.watts/magnetar/mb.html) in either the acknowledgements or a footnote.

This table includes only refereed journal papers. Note that many bursts were first reported via IAU or GCN Circulars.

Bursts are classified into three classes: short bursts (isotropic energies up to ~1041 erg); intermediate bursts (isotropic energy ~1041-1043 erg) and giant flares (isotropic energy ~1044-1046 erg). Given the uncertainty in distance and spectral model these classifications are not exact.

The papers included report observations in the X-ray, Gamma-ray, Radio and Gravitational wave bands.

Source Year of burst discovery Bursting behaviour and relevant observational papers
SGR 1806-20 1979 Short bursts (Mazets & Golenetskii 1981; Atteia et al. 1987; Laros et al. 1987; Kouveliotou et al. 1987; Kouveliotou et al. 1994; Fenimore, Laros & Ulmer 1994; Cheng et al. 1996; Gögüs et al. 2000; Gögüs et al. 2001; Aptekar et al. 2001; Götz et al. 2004; Nakagawa et al. 2007; Esposito et al. 2007; Abbott et al. 2008; Abadie et al. 2011; Prieskorn & Kaaret 2012 ; Collazzi et al. 2015)
Intermediate flares (Gögüs et al. 2011)
Giant flare (Hurley et al. 2005; Palmer et al. 2005; Terasawa et al. 2005; Israel et al.2005; Mazets et al. 2005; Mereghetti et al. 2005; Schwartz et al. 2005; Cameron et al. 2005; Gaensler et al. 2005; Gelfand et al. 2005; Taylor et al. 2005; Fender et al. 2006; Watts & Strohmayer 2006; Strohmayer & Watts 2006; Mandea & Balasis 2006; Boggs et al. 2007; Tanaka et al. 2007; Inan et al. 2007; Frederiks et al. 2007; Abbott et al. 2007; Abbott et al. 2008; Spreeuw et al. 2010; Xing & Yu 2011; Tanaka et al. 2011; Nickolaenko et al. 2012; Nickolaenko et al. 2014; Huppenkothen, Watts & Levin 2014)
SGR 0526-66 1979 Short bursts (Golenetskii et al. 1979; Golenetskii, Ilinskii & Mazets 1984; Golenetskii et al. 1987; Aptekar et al. 2001)
Giant flare (Mazets et al. 1979; Barat et al. 1979; Vedrenne et al. 1979; Terrell et al. 1980; Cline et al. 1980; Fenimore et al. 1981; Fenimore et al. 1996)
SGR 1900+14 1979 Short bursts (Mazets, Golenetskii & Guryan 1979; Kouveliotou et al. 1993; Hurley et al. 1999; Mazets et al. 1999; Woods et al.1999a; Woods et al. 1999b; Woods et al. 1999c; Gögüs et al. 2001; Aptekar et al. 2001; Feroci et al. 2003; Feroci et al. 2004; Nakagawa et al. 2007; Israel et al. 2008; Abbott et al. 2008; Abbott et al. 2009; Abadie et al. 2011 Prieskorn & Kaaret 2012 )
Intermediate flares (Mazets et al. 1999; Ibrahim et al. 2001; Kouveliotou et al. 2001; Lenters et al. 2003; Olive et al. 2004; Guidorzi et al. 2004; Esposito et al. 2007a; Israel et al. 2008; Abbott et al. 2009)
Giant flare (Hurley et al. 1999; Feroci et al. 1999; Mazets et al. 1999; Frail, Kulkarni & Bloom 1999; Inan et al. 1999; Woods et al. 2001; Feroci et al. 2001; Thompson & Duncan 2001; Price & Mushtak 2001; Guidorzi et al. 2004; Strohmayer & Watts 2005; Tanaka et al. 2007; Tanaka et al. 2008)
SGR 1627-41 1998 Short bursts (Woods et al. 1999b; Mazets et al. 1999; Aptekar et al. 2001; Esposito et al. 2008; Abadie et al. 2011 )
Intermediate flare (Mazets et al. 1999)
1E 1048.1-5937 2002 Short bursts (Gavriil, Kaspi & Woods 2002; Gavriil, Kaspi & Woods 2006; Dib, Kaspi & Gavriil 2009; An et al. 2014)
1E 2259+586 2002 Short bursts (Kaspi et al. 2003; Gavriil, Kaspi & Woods 2004; Collazzi et al. 2015)
XTE J1810-197 2003 Short bursts (Woods et al. 2005)
4U 0142+61 2006 Short bursts (Gavriil, Dib & Kaspi 2011; Collazzi et al. 2015)
PSR J1846-0258 2006 Short bursts (Gavriil et al. 2008)
CXOU J164710.2-455216 2006 Short bursts (Muno et al. 2007)
SGR 0501+4526 2008{a} Short bursts (Enoto et al. 2009; Aptekar et al. 2009; Kumar, Ibrahim & Safi-Harb 2010; Watts et al. 2010; Gögüs et al. 2010; Abadie et al. 2011 Lin et al. 2011; Lin et al. 2012; Huppenkothen et al. 2013; Lin et al. 2013; Collazzi et al. 2015)
1E 1547.0-5408 (SGR J1550-5418) 2008 Short bursts (Mereghetti et al. 2009; Israel et al. 2010; Savchenko et al. 2010; Kaneko et al. 2010; Tanaka et al. 2010; Scholz & Kaspi 2011; Abadie et al. 2011; van der Horst et al. 2012; von Kienlin et al. 2012; Enoto et al. 2012; Lin et al. 2012; Lin et al. 2013; Younes et al. 2014; Huppenkothen et al. 2014; Raulin et al. 2014; Collazzi et al. 2015; Mus et al. 2015)
Intermediate flares (Mereghetti et al. 2009; Savchenko et al. 2010; Abadie et al. 2011; Pintore et al. 2017)
SGR 0418+5729 2000 Short bursts (van der Horst et al. 2010; Abadie et al. 2011; Collazzi et al. 2015)
SGR 1833-0832 2010 Short bursts (Gögüs et al. 2010)
1E 1841-045 2010 Short bursts (Kumar & Safi-Harb 2010; Lin et al. 2011; Collazzi et al. 2015)
Swift J1822.3-1606 2011 Short bursts (Scholz et al. 2012; Collazzi et al. 2015)
Swift J1834.9-0846 2011 Short bursts (Kargaltsev et al. 2012; Esposito et al. 2013)
SGR J1745-2900 2013 Short bursts (Kennea et al. 2013; Kaspi et al. 2014)
3XMM J185246.6+0033.7 2013? Short bursts (Collazzi et al. 2015)
PSR J1119-6127 2016 Short bursts (Gogus et al. 2016)
SGR 1935+2154 2014 Short bursts (Israel et al. 2016)
Intermediate flares (Kozlova et al. 2016)


Footnotes:

Last modified: 8 Feb 2017

For additions or corrections please contact Anna Watts at A.L.Watts(at)uva.nl